Firelighting: Preparation And Attention To Detail
Students on Frontier Bushcraft courses learn that good preparation is the key to successful fire-lighting. Photo: Paul Kirtley
Preparation and attention to detail are two of the key differentiators between success and failure when it comes to lighting a fire outdoors.
Many people rush to achieve a flame, only to have insufficient or poorly prepared kindling and larger fuel.
The key is to spend sufficient time gathering the materials you need, making sure they are in the right condition - not too wet, soft, punky, knotty, etc., as relevant to the method being used - and gathering enough of them.
Once you have enough materials and they are all prepared you are in the best position to achieve a fire.
In some situations you will actually achieve a fire with sub-optimal preparation.
BUT when a fire really counts, the conditions are often the most difficult. It pays dividends to practice your techniques before you ever find yourself in a situation where it is critical to achieve a fire.
Plus, in difficult situations, you tend to do what you've done in training.
Make sure you are training correctly.
Don't take short-cuts.
Further, if you have trained in techniques and you know they work in varied circumstances, then you have full confidence in the technique and your ability to apply it when you come to depend upon it.
At the end of our Elementary Wilderness Bushcraft courses
, we have a series of self-assessed challenges against which course participants can apply their skills.
Below is a video of one of these challenges - to light a fire using only wood that has been split out from rounds of dead, standing timber. The hearth, feathersticks, splints and larger fuel are all produced using a Mora Companion knife
To test whether the fire is sustainable, students have to use their fire to boil a litre of water.
Below is a short section of footage of one of our course students lighting their fire. The aim is to do this with one match. Steve, the student in this film has prepared well and pays attention to detail in several key areas.
Watch to find out more...
He's cleared the ground, prepared his fuel, put down a hearth, arranged a lay of feather-sticks
, pre-positioned his pot-hanger, waits for the matchstick to take from the head, shields the match, lights his feathersticks in several places, keeps the firelighting device off the ground so it is not lost, then proceeds to build up his fire by adding progressively larger, well-prepared fuel.
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Paul Kirtley is owner and Chief Instructor of Frontier Bushcraft. He has had a lifelong passion for the great outdoors and gains great satisfaction from helping others enjoy it too. Paul writes the UK's leading bushcraft blog
as well as for various publications including Bushcraft and Survival Skills Magazine.